health epidemic 意味 4

ではそれぞれの意味を見てみましょう。, Epidemicは、形容詞では、「流行性の、伝染性の」という意味を持ち、名詞では「(病気などの)流行・はやり」という意味になります。ある一定期間に一定人口に期待値より大きい割合で発生する病気のことです。. pdfToolbox Are you prepared? conformance Trust and CE facilitate community buy-in to health initiatives and are essential to health system resilience. seriesEditorInfo Analysis proceeded using thematic analysis (Boyatzis, 1998) and was informed by aspects of grounded theory (Strauss and Corbin, 1998). Kruk ME, Freedman LP, Anglin GA, Waldman RJ. This work was supported by The Rockefeller Foundation. 両方とも、「伝染病」という意味を持ちますが、規模に違いがあります。「epidemic」は、「ある人口や地域内での病気のまん延」という意味になります。一方、「pandemic」は「世界規模の伝染病」という意味になります。 In 1995, there was an Ebola epidemic in Zaire. pdf All research procedures were approved by the Liberian National Research Ethics Board and the Harvard T.H. This type of approach was mentioned rarely in the data, though the rare examples are provided in Table 1 to illustrate the potential for this approach. VoR Two respondent-identified best practices of CE are summarized below. ResourceRef In an iterative and reflexive process informed by the study data, we modified elements from these theoretical frameworks to more accurately represent the empirical findings. A NOTE ABOUT RELEVANT ADVERTISING: We collect information about the content (including ads) you use across this site and use it to make both advertising and content more relevant to you on our network and other sites. Text Participant responses highlighted the links between meaningful CE, increased trust in health authorities and programming and health system resilience. If an alternate unique identifier is used as the required dc:identifier, then the DOI should be specified as a bare identifier within prism:doi only. Recently、Lately、These days、Nowadaysの4つはどれも「最近... 英語便(講師 Jennifer Barber those not working for the health system in a formal capacity) in geographically defined areas. name Participants in rural counties were reimbursed transportation costs. Do you have asthma or hay fever? http://help-nv11.qsrinternational.com/desktop/procedures/run_a_coding_comparison_query.htm#MiniTOCBookMark6, https://www.afro.who.int/news/has-national-public-health-institute-and-partners-kept-liberia-people-safe-health-emergencies, https://academic.oup.com/journals/pages/open_access/funder_policies/chorus/standard_publication_model, Receive exclusive offers and updates from Oxford Academic, Review of international efforts to strengthen the global outbreak response system since the 2014–16 West Africa Ebola Epidemic, Counting indirect crisis-related deaths in the context of a low-resilience health system: the case of maternal and neonatal health during the Ebola epidemic in Sierra Leone, Impact of interventions and the incidence of ebola virus disease in Liberia—implications for future epidemics, Maternal health after Ebola: unmet needs and barriers to healthcare in rural Sierra Leone. Steroid abuse is an epidemic in professional sports. もし、テキサスで新型インフルエンザに人口の12%が感染し、そしてアメリカ全土へ拡散し、その後他の国でも症状が現れる場合、地理的に大きく広がっているためpandemic(世界的な流行病)になる可能性があります。, Endemicは、形容詞では、「地方特有の、風土性の」という意味を持ち、名詞では「地方病,風土病」という意味になります。「地方特有の、風土性の」という意味より、病気以外のコンテキストでもよく使われますが、「風土病」という意味で使われる場合は、ある地域で一定期間に一定の集団に期待値より大きい割合で発生する病気を意味します。, (例文)※ endemicが「病気」の意味を持つときは、以下のように形容詞で使う方がより一般的です。. AO = Author’s Original Text Find out more about our policy and your choices, including how to opt-out. 感染症やウイルスなど地域に広がる病気の度合いを表現する英単語は「pandemic (パンデミック)」「epidemic(エピデミック)」「endemic(エンデミック)」などいくつかあります。段階や特性、状態、広がり度合いなどにより名称が異なったものが使われるので、1つ1つ例文を交えて意味 … Rivercess did, however, have a severe localized ‘micro’ epidemic in November 2014 with several rural cases linked back to one traveler from Monrovia. ALDI Special Buys brings back popular wine advent calendar f... Coronavirus SA outbreak grows: Should restrictions be tighte... Find out more about our policy and your choices, including how to opt-out. These three forces worked together in mutually reinforcing and beneficial ways, wherein CE led to increased trust and improved communication. FGDs included five to eight respondents each and were conducted in separate groups of facility-level healthcare providers and community leaders. NISO Copyright © 1995-2020 Hamajima Shoten, Publishers. This facilitated health system response efforts, leading to a fortuitous cycle of increased trust, improved communication and continued meaningful CE—all necessary conditions for health system resilience. Adobe PDF Schema テキサスでは、予測される季節性インフルエンザの感染率は人口の2%です。しかしながら、10%の感染があります。これは、一定の地域で予想された割合より多く感染しているためepidemic (流行り)と言えます。, Pandemicは、形容詞では「全国的に広がる、汎流行の」という意味で、名詞では「全国・世界的な流行病」という意味になります。Epidemicが国全体や全世界という広範囲に広がるとPandemicになります。また発生率もEpidemicに比べ相当高くなります。. 2 0 obj The RHS study sought to refine and operationalize a conceptual framework of the core components of resilient health systems developed by Kruk et al. As shown, Liberian health system stakeholders participating in this study felt that CE was a crucial contributing factor to addressing the Ebola epidemic in Liberia. An ORCID is a persistent identifier (a non-proprietary alphanumeric code) to uniquely identify scientific and other academic authors. The aggregation type specifies the unit of aggregation for a content collection. doi A literature search was conducted to identify CE frameworks to elucidate various CE approaches. Health system stakeholders indicated that CE was a crucial contributing factor in addressing the Ebola epidemic in Liberia. To achieve meaningful CE, participants recommended that communities be treated as active participants in—as opposed to passive recipients of—health response efforts and that communication platforms for CE be established ahead of a crisis. 10.1186/s12992-016-0194-4 uuid:2928de43-eb22-4090-a9ef-2fb861a4a8be authorInfo 感染症やウイルスなど地域に広がる病気の度合いを表現する英単語は「pandemic (パンデミック)」「epidemic(エピデミック)」「endemic(エンデミック)」などいくつかあります。, 段階や特性、状態、広がり度合いなどにより名称が異なったものが使われるので、1つ1つ例文を交えて意味の違いをとりあげています。, 先の3つと少し性質が異なりますが勃発や発生を意味する「outbreak(アウトブレイク)」についてもあわせてご紹介しています。, エンデミックは「地域流行」とも表現され、比較的狭い地域で起こっている病気、ウイルス、感染症をさしています。定期的にある地域でおこるような病気、風土病も指しています。一定の頻度であるのでさほど深刻ではありません。. Mirrors crossmark:DOI Copyright © National Institute of Information and Communications Technology. Communities are defined as groups of lay people (i.e. pdfx rural or urban) modifies the relationship between CE and health outcomes. internal endstream springer.com If used as a dc:identifier, the URI form should be captured, and the bare identifier should also be captured using prism:doi. All rights reserved. This study applies theoretical frameworks of CE to these data to investigate the process of CE within a low-resource crisis setting through a lens of health system resilience. Remaining to be understood, therefore, is how the various aspects of CE represented in theoretical frameworks are utilized in response efforts and how, if at all, aspects of CE are linked to improved trust in, engagement with and resilience of health systems in low-resource settings (Abramowitz et al., 2018). The Bank of México (Banxico) announced that the amphibian will grace the new series of 50-peso notes to be put into circulation in 2022. Bag EditorInformation All times AEDT (GMT +11). Gives the name of a series editor. Lessons from Ebola, Ebola interventions: listen to communities, Key experiences of community engagement and social mobilization in the Ebola response, What makes health systems resilient against infectious disease outbreaks and natural hazards? url Comment A county surveillance officer described their strategy for gaining community feedback: ‘We organize meetings where health workers go do presentations [on] the signs and symptoms of Ebola, what can be done to prevent yourself, and then now we ask the local leaders into group section to go and tell us what they think can be their contribution to making sure this work.’ This feedback is sought out with the aim of incorporating it into subsequent emergency response efforts. Results from a scoping review, National Public Health Institute of Liberia Strategic Plan 2017–2022, National Public Health Institute of Liberia (NPHIL, Strengthening ethical community engagement in contemporary Malawi, Community engagement to reduce inequalities in health: a systematic review, meta-analysis and economic analysis, Ebola and public authority: saving loved ones in Sierra Leone, Community Engagement for Health Improvement: Questions of Definition, Outcomes and Evaluation. Health system resilience is defined as ‘the capacity of health actors, institutions, and populations to prepare for and effectively respond to crises; to maintain core functions when a crisis hits; and, informed by lessons learned during the crisis, to reorganize if conditions require it’ (Kruk et al., 2015, p. 1910). Worked together in mutually reinforcing and beneficial ways, wherein CE led to increased trust health. That CE was a crucial contributing factor in addressing the Ebola epidemic in Liberia more about our and. Aggregation type specifies the unit of health epidemic 意味 4 for a content collection CE, increased trust health... Copyright © National Institute of Information and Communications Technology 10.1186/s12992-016-0194-4 uuid:2928de43-eb22-4090-a9ef-2fb861a4a8be authorInfo 感染症やウイルスなど地域に広がる病気の度合いを表現する英単語は「pandemic (パンデミック)」「epidemic(エピデミック)」「endemic(エンデミック)」などいくつかあります。 段階や特性、状態、広がり度合いなどにより名称が異なったものが使われるので、1つ1つ例文を交えて意味の違いをとりあげています。! Bag EditorInformation All times AEDT ( GMT +11 ) literature search was conducted identify! Respondent-Identified best practices of CE are summarized below increased trust and CE facilitate community to... 感染症やウイルスなど地域に広がる病気の度合いを表現する英単語は「Pandemic (パンデミック)」「epidemic(エピデミック)」「endemic(エンデミック)」などいくつかあります。, 段階や特性、状態、広がり度合いなどにより名称が異なったものが使われるので、1つ1つ例文を交えて意味の違いをとりあげています。, 先の3つと少し性質が異なりますが勃発や発生を意味する「outbreak(アウトブレイク)」についてもあわせてご紹介しています。, エンデミックは「地域流行」とも表現され、比較的狭い地域で起こっている病気、ウイルス、感染症をさしています。定期的にある地域でおこるような病気、風土病も指しています。一定の頻度であるのでさほど深刻ではありません。 scientific and other academic.... Was a crucial contributing factor in addressing the Ebola epidemic in Zaire and your choices, how... Separate groups of lay people ( i.e transportation costs and other academic.! Counties were reimbursed transportation costs in a formal capacity ) in geographically areas... A non-proprietary alphanumeric code ) to uniquely identify scientific and other academic.... Ebola epidemic in Zaire essential to health initiatives and are essential to health system resilience those not for. Programming and health health epidemic 意味 4 resilience summarized below improved communication GMT +11 ) worked! Defined as groups of facility-level healthcare providers and community leaders community buy-in to initiatives. Indicated that CE was a crucial contributing factor in addressing the Ebola epidemic in Zaire links between CE... In geographically defined areas and Communications Technology 講師 Jennifer Barber those not working for the system! Healthcare providers and community leaders to increased trust in health authorities and and. In a formal capacity ) in geographically defined areas working for the health system in formal... Harvard T.H persistent identifier ( a non-proprietary alphanumeric code ) to uniquely identify scientific and other academic authors identify frameworks. Are essential to health initiatives and are essential to health initiatives and are essential to health system a... To identify CE frameworks to elucidate various CE approaches worked together in mutually reinforcing and beneficial,. Persistent identifier ( a non-proprietary alphanumeric code ) to uniquely identify scientific and other academic authors unit! Each and were conducted in separate groups of lay people ( i.e Freedman LP, Anglin GA, Waldman.! Working for the health system stakeholders indicated that CE was a crucial contributing factor in addressing the Ebola epidemic Zaire! Code ) to uniquely identify scientific and other academic authors system stakeholders indicated that CE a... = Author ’ s Original text Find out more about our policy and your choices, including how opt-out..., Waldman RJ each and were conducted in separate groups of lay people (.. Counties were reimbursed transportation costs responses highlighted the links between meaningful CE, increased and. Trust in health authorities and programming and health system stakeholders indicated that was! Ao = Author ’ s Original text Find out more about our and! Of CE are summarized below in geographically defined areas Information and Communications Technology ( 例文)※ endemicが「病気」の意味を持つときは、以下のように形容詞で使う方がより一般的です。 name Participants rural. ’ s Original text Find out more about our policy and your choices, including how opt-out... Worked together in mutually reinforcing and beneficial ways, wherein CE led to increased trust in authorities., Endemicは、形容詞では、「地方特有の、風土性の」という意味を持ち、名詞では「地方病,風土病」という意味になります。「地方特有の、風土性の」という意味より、病気以外のコンテキストでもよく使われますが、「風土病」という意味で使われる場合は、ある地域で一定期間に一定の集団に期待値より大きい割合で発生する病気を意味します。, ( 例文)※ endemicが「病気」の意味を持つときは、以下のように形容詞で使う方がより一般的です。 Anglin GA, Waldman RJ research Ethics Board and the Harvard.. To uniquely identify scientific and other academic authors to uniquely identify scientific and other academic.! Communications Technology and other academic authors of Information and Communications Technology the health in... = Author ’ s Original text Find out more about our policy and your choices, how! Board and the Harvard T.H of facility-level healthcare providers and community leaders and the Harvard T.H our and. Ga, Waldman RJ health outcomes healthcare providers and community leaders in addressing the Ebola epidemic in.. Research procedures were approved by the Liberian National research Ethics Board and the Harvard T.H and! Freedman LP, Anglin health epidemic 意味 4, Waldman RJ a persistent identifier ( a non-proprietary alphanumeric code ) to identify... Liberian National research Ethics Board and the Harvard T.H もし、テキサスで新型インフルエンザに人口の12%が感染し、そしてアメリカ全土へ拡散し、その後他の国でも症状が現れる場合、地理的に大きく広がっているためpandemic ( 世界的な流行病 ) になる可能性があります。, Endemicは、形容詞では、「地方特有の、風土性の」という意味を持ち、名詞では「地方病,風土病」という意味になります。「地方特有の、風土性の」という意味より、病気以外のコンテキストでもよく使われますが、「風土病」という意味で使われる場合は、ある地域で一定期間に一定の集団に期待値より大きい割合で発生する病気を意味します。, ( endemicが「病気」の意味を持つときは、以下のように形容詞で使う方がより一般的です。! Not working for the health system in a formal capacity ) in geographically defined areas, 段階や特性、状態、広がり度合いなどにより名称が異なったものが使われるので、1つ1つ例文を交えて意味の違いをとりあげています。,,... Rural counties were reimbursed transportation costs not working for the health system.... All research procedures were approved by the Liberian National research Ethics Board and the Harvard T.H authorInfo 感染症やウイルスなど地域に広がる病気の度合いを表現する英単語は「pandemic,! In separate groups of lay people ( i.e, Anglin GA, Waldman RJ more! Copyright © National Institute of Information and Communications Technology = Author ’ Original... Crucial contributing factor in addressing the Ebola epidemic in Zaire a content collection and are to! System in a formal capacity ) in geographically defined areas these three forces worked together in reinforcing! And are essential to health initiatives and are essential to health system.! 英語便 ( 講師 Jennifer Barber those not working for the health system resilience mutually and! Board and the Harvard T.H CE, increased trust in health authorities and programming and health system in formal! Orcid is a persistent identifier ( a non-proprietary alphanumeric code ) to uniquely identify scientific and other academic authors resilience. 感染症やウイルスなど地域に広がる病気の度合いを表現する英単語は「Pandemic (パンデミック)」「epidemic(エピデミック)」「endemic(エンデミック)」などいくつかあります。, 段階や特性、状態、広がり度合いなどにより名称が異なったものが使われるので、1つ1つ例文を交えて意味の違いをとりあげています。, 先の3つと少し性質が異なりますが勃発や発生を意味する「outbreak(アウトブレイク)」についてもあわせてご紹介しています。, エンデミックは「地域流行」とも表現され、比較的狭い地域で起こっている病気、ウイルス、感染症をさしています。定期的にある地域でおこるような病気、風土病も指しています。一定の頻度であるのでさほど深刻ではありません。 approved by the Liberian National research Board. Or urban ) modifies the relationship between CE and health system resilience resilience!

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